Nepal and India share the religious, social, cultural, political, economic relations since the history. Ties between them are not bound at the diplomatic level. At the critical hours, we have the history that both the country people shared the feeling of cooperation. BP Koirala, Man Mohan Adhikari and other leaders were treated as the same nationals during freedom movement in India the previous century. Dr. Rajendra Prasad and even Mahatma Gandhi expected significant support and help from Nepali nationals at their fight against the British imperialism. In response, despite the cruel domination from the British rule, Nepali nationals also fought against the imperialism. Hundreds of them didn’t care the prison and chains and fought as if the war was for the emancipation of the same country. And certainly, liberation of India from the British imperialism could significantly support the fight for freedom from the tyrannical family rule of the Ranas in the homeland.
Meanwhile, the Indians also supported the democratic movement of Nepal that geared up in the 1940s. B. P. Koirala’s Atmabrittant (Autobiography) gives the explicit picture of how far the Nepalese and Indians exchanged support and help for the war of freedom. Most of the Nepali political leaders also learned politics in India. Most of the senior leaders at present like GP Koirala and most of the communist leaders got their political orientation in Indian city of Benares or Calcutta or else.
As the Nepali people were cheated by King Trivuwan, Nepalese again had to undergo tireless struggle for democracy which continues till date. Indian support, not necessarily from the government, continued. Though Jawaharlal Nehru and his Daughter Indira Gandhi’s reign were not supportive, Indian people had great attachment with the ongoing struggle for democracy in Nepal. The tripartite agreement among King, Ranas and the Nepali Congress also became possible at the Indian mediation. Later the people were not given the system of government as assured in the agreement. People were deceived by King Trivuwan. This was also protested by the Indian people; not obviously by the Indian government.
At the eve on which the movement, led by the Nepali Congress succeeded to defeat the palace ploy, and force to call the election in 1958, the Indians leaders were here. They were again here in1989 at the eve of the Restoration of Democracy in 1990. It is not merely the coincidence they are here again in 2005. The season is also the same and the political scenario of the country is much alike. It is more interesting that the Indian leaders predicted the restoration of democracy will not take long time since. We can’t anticipate any result from what they have said but the coincidences give a lot hints to anticipate something.