A Case Study on Ghale Gaon

Posted by: Kiran


In current world, the rural and its development is considering as a phenomena for new break. Scene, scenery, environmental richness and its promotion and protection are increasingly regarded as an imperative element. Historical monuments, edifices, traditional rural mores, customs and the social order are being paid more attention. Universally, in some more reachable rural regions, there has been incursion of population; often the people are despondent with the living conditions of big cities. Many parts of the countryside, rural decline and development issues remain vital. Tourism has been established to be a dominant locomotive for economic growth –transferring capital, income and employment from industrial, urban and developed areas to non-industrial, rural and under developed areas.

Rural tourism is not thoroughly a new notion. It is a complex multifarious activity. It is not just farm or agriculture based tourism. It embraces farm-based holidays, special interest nature holidays and ecotourism, walking, climbing and riding holidays, adventure, sport and health tourism, hunting and angling, education travel, arts and heritage tourism, and in some areas, cultural and ethnic tourism.

The importance of rural tourism can be implicated from the linkages between rural tourism and its effect in a grassroots level of a community. As tourism needs development of many factors and it creates very wide range of effects, it can very successfully help improve multiple features of socio-economic condition of people. Nepal has accepted rural tourism as an important utensil for poverty alleviation. Though our plan and policies regarding rural tourism are implemented at an icy pace, it has been encouraged since the ninth plan till the interim plan. Rural tourism has been given paramount importance. Outstanding to village based composition, Nepal has many destinations where community based rural tourism can be encouraged. Sirubari, Ghale Gaon, Puma Gaon and Bandipur are some of the models of rural tourism. The success stories of these villages can be simulated in other areas too.

Background of the Study:

A beautiful village of Lamjung distict, Ghale Gaon lies to the northwest of Khudi at the elevation of 2095 meters. It is approximately 20.5km North West of Kathmandu and 12.5 km north east of Pokhara. Ghale Gaon once a sphere of Ghale kings before 18th century presently consists of 106 households comprising Gurungs, Ghales and some Chhetri and Biswakarma under Uttarkanya VDC, 1 2 and 3 wards.

Ghale Gaon faces the majestic Himalayan views Lamjung Himal, Mt. Fishtail, Mt. Annapurna and numerous other splendid peaks. The view from the villages stretches from Buddha Himal, Himalchuli and Manaslu to the northeast Mt. Lamjung and Annapurna II to the north and Mt. Machhapucchre and Annapurna South to the Northwest. Being just developed in the year 2001 for tourist destination, there are only basic facilities available in the village. We can experience the rural accommodations and local foods with local families.

The home stay and camping trekking can be experienced in family environment in Ghale Gaon. This place is famous for “HONEY HUNTING” which takes place during winter.
To reach Ghale Gaon three routs are available 1. Besishahar-Baglungpani-Ghale Gaon 2. Khudi- Lamchaur- Ghale Gaon and 3. Khudi- Roplephant- Vanche- Ghale Gaon. The trekking route passes through the dense forests, villages and awesome waterfalls.

Those who dare can climb from Khudi, it takes around 5 hours to reach Ghale Gaon. If we take a jeep for ride from Besishahar up to Baglungpani, it takes around 2 ½ plus
1 ½ to reach the place. If we use the alternative route of Basishahar-Puma Gaon- Ghale Gaon it takes around 4 hours to Puma Gaon and another 5 hours to Ghale Gaon. Ghale Gaon is surrounded by Gurung heritage trails and the typical Gurung villages.

How Rural Tourism Concept Emerged in Ghale Gaon?

To develop Ghale Gaon a rural tourism destiny, Ghale Gaon Village Tourism Committee was established in the year 2001. The committee has been trying its best to make aware the local people of Ghale Gaon about the importance and value of rural (village) tourism for making their living standard better so that their economic hardship can be settled down gradually. Now, it seems that the local people have understood somehow about the positive impacts of rural tourism on economic sustainability. Ghale Gaon is the second village tourism model after Sirubari.

Objectives of the Study:
Being the students of Rural Development, we purposively visited Ghale Gaon on October 18, 2008 to get acquainted with the culture, milieu and rural tourism approach of the place. We are here with a case study of Ghale Gaon considering the following objectives;

a. Assessing the features and attractions of Ghale Gaon,
b. Assessing the rural tourism impacts on Ghale Gaon,
c. Identifying the scenarios and issues of Ghale Gaon,
d. Making recommendations and drawing conclusions for social, economic, cultural, political, ideological and rural tourism development of the place.

Methodology of the Study:
• Observation
• Interview and group discussion
• Literature review

Prominent Features and Attractions of Ghale Gaon:

• Villagers welcome and farewell the guests with garlands and Tika.
• Ghale Gaon Village Tourism Committee distributes the guests among the Gugung/Ghale households having the facility of home stay. Now, 15 households are used for this purpose.
• A cultural show comprising Ghatu, Bells, Krishna Charitra, Lama, Ghabre, Jhyaure, Sorathi dances and songs belonging to Gurung community are presented by the youth and women group.
• Spectacular sunrise from the tower towards east of the village that smears its color on Lamjung range and sunset view its upshot on Buddha, Himalchuli and Manaslu Himalayas.
• Friendly and innocent villagers.
• Gurung heritage trails, natural beauties, Gurung culture and bio-diversity.
• Wonderful view ranges from Buddha Himal, Himalchuli and Manaslu to north east Mt. Lamjung and Annapurna II to the north and Mt. Fishtail and Annapurna south to the northwest.
• Steam over the Marshyandi, Khudi and Midim rivers.
• Trekking route with dense jungle, villages and waterfalls.
• Playground, stone-paved alley.
• Some households with solar power.
• Locally grown and organically produced vegetable, maize and grains.
• Sheep grazing lands with caravan of sheep along with innocent shepherds.
• Sheep wool, meat, ghee and fertilizer.
• Locally made blankets, waist coats, handy bags, scarves, shawls, towels from fur of angora and sheep wool.
• Tea plantation garden, Gurung Museum
• A community hall and recently developed library.
• Famous for ‘Honey Hunting’.
• Dishes and drinks from the menu encompassing organic vegetables, tea, Gundruk, Chang, local chicken, local eggs etc.
• Agglomerated households
• Placid and honeyed Gurung/ Ghale females with good sense of humor males.

Rural Tourism and its Impact on Ghale Gaon:

Positive Impacts:
• People are somehow aware on heath and hygiene issues which further need to be improved in the days to come.
• The village development concept via rural tourism is gradually working for the socio-economic development of the village.
• Local people have somehow understood that the guests need hospitality and they are trying their best in maintaining hospitality.
• Local initiatives for the development of village have been further enhanced.
• People have felt the need of education, health and hygiene for individual progress.
• People’s shyness and hesitation are being gradually obliterated and they are empowered with the knowledge of national and international issues.
• Ghale Gaon is getting its exposure to national and international scenario as a rural tourism destiny.
• Social, economic, political, cultural and ideological changes can be seen in the living standard of people.
• Commitment and leadership for the development of rural tourism has been gradually developing.
• Local people are getting direct economic benefits from rural tourism which further needs to be mechanized.
• Consciousness towards physical infrastructure development has been increased.
• Consciousness towards marketability of the local products has been developed.
• Recreational parks, gardens, playground, horse ride concept has been eternalized by the local for the promotion of rural tourism.
• Villagers are seeking the way-out to commercialize their agriculture products and self entrepreneurship has somehow been improved.
• Villagers are aware on the initiatives of NGOs, INGOs and CBOs which have improved their demanding capabilities for the development of their areas.
• Local people are trying to acclimatize their indigenous knowledge into the modern ones.
• Women, men and even the youngsters are ready to take part in interaction which has improved their analytical skills. Mother’s group in the village are very active in terms of environmental conservation of the village, operation and maintenance of the roads and trails, cultural program and income generation programs.
• Local people seem aware on the domination and mal-treatment of the vested interested group which needs to be injected for self dependency of the village.
• Villagers are aware on the other model of rural tourism operated in different places.
• Local people have felt the need of changing their traditional patterns of agriculture and they are seeking a better option for agriculture production and productivity.
• Discrimination against scheduled castes in declining stage.

Negative Impacts:
• Forest depletion problem has been escalating and grazing lands are being turned into the recreational parks.
• Profit motive psychology has been developed.
• Individualist nature has gradually been developing.
• Acculturation, modernization, imitative nature can be seen among the villagers.
• Rural tourism has further supported the youth migration.
• Preservation of natural scene, scenarios, wildlife, households, culture, species etc seem to be at stake.
• Environmental degradation has further been escalating.
• Differences among the villagers can be seen which can further discourage the development initiatives.
• Apathetic towards agriculture and households activities.
• Lukewarm habits towards traditional culture, religion, customs, rites and rituals which can clearly seen among the youngsters.
• Rural tourism has made the people lethargic towards creativity for the development of rural areas.
• Dependency towards NGOs, INGOs and the government.

Major Issues & Findings:

1. Health: It is found that Ghale Gaon is not clean and groom as compared with other rural tourism village Sirubari. The stone are paved in alley but are not maintained and cleaned properly. In some households cattle sheds are very close to the home which is totally unhygienic. Kitchens are surrounded with traditional pots and unnecessary wooden shack, which has created unhealthy environment during your lunch and dinner. Rooms and beds are not cozy. They are congested. Not enough blankets, mattress and pillows for your sound nap. Toilets are available but are not maintained properly. Not each home stay has a facility of hot water and even enough water for your bathing. It is understood that the Ghale Gaon village Tourism Committee has not given proper orientation to each households for maintaining good health and hygiene to impress the guests and they have not given proper attention to develop such facilities. There is availability of a health post which is in between of farm house and VDC office. The people still believe on traditional healers (Dhami, Jhakri) even though 2 doctors are deputed in health post. Nurses were also deputed previously but now other health attainders (11-12 in no. in each ward) care the patients.

2. Education: Leaving the exception of today’s generation, almost aged people of Ghale Gaon are illiterate. There is a lack of education among old-aged women and high education drop out rate among female students. One higher school named Uttarkanya MV is there which is around 45min-1 hour far away from the settlements. Education status has gradually been improved and even there are some female students in class 10. There are 8 Gurung (3 women), 3 Ghale (1 woman) teachers in Ghale Gaon with a male principal from Udayapur. Students cannot concentrate only on their study due to their households and farm activities. There is no proper planning for any training (English, Tour Guide etc) which are supportive for the promotion of rural tourism.

3. Infrastructure: Ghale Gaon is accommodated with water supply facility with taps, stone-paved trails, roads up to Baglungpani from Besisahar, CDMA phone service, toilets and some solar facility, school, health post, VDC office, and community hall for cultural performance and gathering. ACCAP supported for water supply facility and it has been brought all the way from Ghana Pokhari nearly 13 km far away from Ghale Gaon. There is no electricity in Ghale Gaon and the locals are trying for the service which may take at least 6 months to come in the village. Solar facility that costs around 25-30 thousands, is limited to some households because it cannot be afforded by normal villagers. Most of the households are made up off mud and stone seem not that much safe from construction point of view.

4. Youth Migration: Youth migration and foreign job seeking especially in gulf countries is rampant in Ghala Gaon, which is truly devastating. Such trend among youth is prevailed severely due to high unemployment and lack of economic access and activities in the village. Youth delinquency can also be seen in the village, which has caused apathetic behaviors of youth towards development, meaning village development activities are in icy path due to dependency on outsiders. Moreover, the youth are habituated to go abroad having loan from so-called landlords of the village, leaving the chronic problems to the parents for settling the loans’ amount throughout his/her lives.

5. Environment
: Environmental deterioration can be seen in Ghale Gaon, which is truly contemptible. The tourists’ arrival rate in Ghale Gaon has increased from 21.25 % to 60.81% incorporating both domestic and international tourists, measuring in the year 2001 and 2006 respectively. From economic point of view, tourists have increased but it has further polluted and destroyed the natural beauty of the forests tracks. The garbage on the way of the trekking tracks can be seen and nobody has properly managed the wastes. Moreover, grazing lands are being turned into recreational parks and barren lands and even the natural animal and plants’ species are being suffered due to lack of proper and appropriate approach for sustainable protection of environment.

6. Sustainability of Rural Tourism: Bluntly say, the sustainability of rural tourism in Ghale Gaon is under stake if not intervene systematically. It can be felt that the villagers have given damn to the rural tourism concept as if it is imposed by some outsiders. A bad smell of imposition from some outsiders can be seen for his/her trivial need and greed, which will definitely halt the economic and sustainable progress of Ghale Gaon. Benefit sharing, participation in each and every decision, and consensus building among villagers are the foundations of sustainable development that safeguard the social, economic, cultural, political and environmental depletion. Seeing the condition of Ghale Gaon, neither the initiator has tried to make the benefits transparent among the villagers nor have the villagers properly understood the concept of rural tourism and its actual benefits. There seems a vast gap between them and they even give deaf ear to each others’ arguments. Actual villagers are not properly participating for the development of tourism in Ghale Gaon and the benefits are shared among the vested interested group only, secluding the real villagers, which eventually halt the sustainability of rural tourism.

7. Culture and Religion: Cultural and religious beliefs are deeply rooted in Ghale Gaon. They still believe in traditional healers (Dhami and Jhakri). Social discrimination against so-called low caste is still existed and it is gradually in declining stage. Ghale Gaon seems culturally and religiously rich as they have both Hindu and Buddha Pilgrimages. They celebrate Dashain, Tihar, Loshar, Maghe Sangrati, New Year etc. equally and enthusiastically. They have tens of local dance and song categories, which they perform during guests’ visits and their religious celebrations. Socially they are living as an adjoin family and it is seemed that they have mutual understanding among themselves. A social cohesion can be seen in Ghale Gaon but they seem disturbed with the outsiders’ intervention on their social cohesion. The cultural opulence can be categorized as strength of Ghale Gaon. Women seem empowered and they are ready to take any development initiatives.

8. Leadership: A lack of leadership can be clearly felt in Ghale Gaon which has directly hampered the economic sustainability of the villagers. Due to lack of leadership, the development initiative in terms of rural tourism has been mishandled by the outsiders. The benefits acquired from the guests are not properly distributed among the villagers, which is only because of the scarce of leadership causing dissatisfaction among villagers for providing cordial hospitality to the guests properly. There is three mother’s group in three different wards administrative section in the village including joint mother’s group. The mother’s group seems active however there activeness is just made limited on cultural show performance and some conservation tasks. Even the mother groups are not included in decision making process. You cannot directly ask any queries with women and even if you happen to ask then she alone cannot give her version. There seems a total domination of some outsiders who have indoctrinated their ideas among villagers in the name of rural tourism. About 70 per cent of the guests’ amount has been absorbed by some vested group of people and the villagers are being only spectators. They cannot go beyond the happenings only because of lack of leadership. There is a leader from the same village but it looks like he is established from the outsiders as he has also just been acting as per outsiders want. It seems that the initiation of development has just been happening there because the outsiders want to expand his/her business at every nook and corner of the village. It looks like the outsiders are being prosperous day by day and the villagers are being pitiable due to rural tourism concept in Ghale Gaon and it can be said as a lack of real leadership.

9. Agriculture and Livestock: Ghale Gaon can be a good livestock prospect place. Community sheep farming in Ghale Gaon that started only with Rs.250, 000 has now a capital of 2 million rupees. The farm sells wool, meat, milk, ghee and fertilizer. From the income of the sheep farm three shepherds and a teacher is paid Rs 2000 salary per month. The farm has altogether 500 sheep. Blankets made from wool, waist coats (Bakhu), and handy bags etc. which have been getting its market and have somehow supported the economic obstacles of the villagers. Horses are used for load carriers. There is a prospect of horse ride recreational in Ghale Gaon.

As far as agriculture is concerned, there is low production and productivity of food crops in Ghale Gaon. The farming is subsistence among the villagers and some seem even deprived of it. A traditional Parma system is existed in Ghale Gaon for agriculture cultivation and plantation. The villagers’ farm lands are about 4-5 hours far away from the village which causes them to stay in the farm during their food crops seasons by making a small hut. Farm lands are at the beneath of the hill. Vegetable farming can have a prospect in Ghale Gaon. There is a prospect of potato and radish farming which can also get commercial markets if manage properly.

10. Entrepreneurship: Lack of entrepreneurship can be clearly seen in Ghale Gaon, which has further promoted the migration of youth from the village towards towns and abroad. In addition, the benefits of rural tourism concept in Ghale Gaon are not going directly to the villagers and it is only because of the lack of entrepreneurship among them. There seems probability of commercialization of agricultural products but none of the farmers have taken initiation to do so commercially. They might be unaware that their wool products from sheep farm can get a good market in market place but they are being happy with a small amount of benefits. The sheep farm can also be done in a large scale but they seem happy with minimum caravan of sheep for their subsistence living. The villagers can directly deal with their agro and wool products but they are obliged to rely on the mediators, which is truly because of the lack of confident. People of Ghale Gaon are relied on a Newar community belonging grocery shop for daily essential goods, which is a good example of the village that how entrepreneur they are. None of the Ghale belonging family has started any commercial works in Ghale Gaon, which is because of the tendency of going abroad, towns and apathetic attitude towards the development of own village. The youth are ready to go abroad with the credit amount but they can never take risk for having loans from the banks for any entrepreneurship.

11. Development: People have tried to define the development of Ghale Gaon through rural tourism perspective only but mere rural tourism cannot bring development indeed without its proper management. Development needs leadership, commitment, initiatives, participation of people, investment friendly environment, promotion of rural tourism and maximum benefits sharing to the villagers, which are the major lacking parts in Ghale Gaon. No doubt, some infrastructural initiatives and trainings for women groups are being carried by some NGOs, INGOs and donors but these initiatives are not managed properly. Ghale Gaon has no master plan of development to initiate its future activities. Villagers are waiting for soft micro and financial credit supports but none of the credit providing organizations has taken initiation to do so.

There is a support program on decentralization of local governance by Norwegian government. However, there is no any visible output what the program has brought about. ACCAP has supported for drinking water facility but villagers are still sinking in the dark. Only health attainders, veterinary health trainings etc. are provide but that have also not given any visible output. None of the education related programs have been launched in the village. At least, Ghale Gaon is getting somehow benefits from rural tourism but none of the development initiators, even NGOs, INGOs and donors have ever thought about the situation of nearby and passerby villages. They seem even more vulnerable and are deprived of trivial development activities. Everyone is focusing their programs and supports (even that is not enough) to the destiny (Ghale Gaon), ignoring the passerby route villages, which is truly unfair.

Conclusions and Recommendations:
The issues that represent Ghael Gaon are the issues of overall Nepal itself. There are both positive and negative sides. We have to minimize the negative sides to maximize the positive ones. Ghale Gaon symbolizes the panoramic identity but that identity has only been limited on some websites browsing and hotels corridors. How many of us (Nepali) know about the place? The answer will be in negligible numbers. The domestication of rural tourism is a major part for the promotion of rural tourism in Nepal but this factor has been totally ignored by both policy makers and the planners too. Rural tourism cannot be promoted unless there is an essence of rural lives, rural culture, norms, values, social cohesion, nature, scene, scenery, selfless persons, and more importantly honeyed hospitality, cleanliness, tidiness and environment friendly development approaches. Similarly, rural tourism can not be said rural tourism unless the benefits are not shared among the villagers in equitable manner with impartially. That is the most severe part in Ghale Gaon that the benefits form rural tourism has not been equally distributed among the villagers, which needs to be systematized otherwise the sustainability remains to be questioned. Ghale Gaon has a lot of possibilities in rural tourism which eventually brings socio-economic progress of the people thereby but the possibilities should be first freed from the hands of vested interest group of people. None of the place is remained vacant without its main essence and we have to catapult that main essence to initiate our conceptual framework of rural tourism. Ghale Gaon has the main essence on its cultural opulence, geographical adjustment, unity among the villagers, cultural and environmental cohesion, enthusiastic and development seeking people to be accustomed with the changes, generous attitude, and initiatives seeking hands in the promotion of rural areas. It is learnt that the spirit of rural development should be interwoven with the above mentioned characteristics to bring changes in Ghale Gaon.

After visiting rural tourism area “Ghale Gaon”, we are here with some recommending measures which are expected to be helpful for the promotion and initiation of rural tourism and overall development concept in Ghale Gaon.

Recommending Measures:
1. The villagers should keep their cattle sheds separate in some measurable distance for sanitation. Village cleaning campaign can be started in rotation basis with the participation of youth, women group, and men group for maintaining the paved alleys and surrounding neat and clean.
2. The traditional stuffs can be kept nicely in kitchens avoiding its mess up. Rooms and beds are to be maintained clean, safe and cozy. For that the community should take initiatives rigorously. Enough blankets, comfortable pillows, cozy mattress should be availed in the rooms for guests. Gas gizer for hot water facility and adequate management of water should be maintained in each home stay households through the initiative of the committee. Additional, at least one health post should be initiated for proper management of health services. Proper monitoring on availability of nurses and doctors in the village should be systematized. Traditional healers can be used in health awareness campaign and more health attainders should be facilitated thorough health trainings.
3. A long term education planning should be developed for educational upliftment. Adult learning classes can be started along with guests’ etiquette trainings to the villagers. Education awareness campaign should be started for proper attention on girls’ education. Additional, at least one school should be initiated to be established very close to the village. Women teachers’ presence should be encouraged to control dropout rate among girls. Female and male separate toilets system should be developed in school. Youth English learning, tour guide and vocational training should be encouraged for rural tourism promotion.
4. Rigorous and collective initiations should be made for electricity availability in the village by villagers, NGOs, INGOs and even the donors. An infrastructural development package should be developed for overall development of the village incorporating nearby and passerby villages. Additional public toilets, public water taps should be set up to maintain heath and hygiene. Subsidy mechanism can be adopted from govt. side to establish solar panel in each household. Households should be maintained locally available different mud color to keep natural beauty.
5. Youth migration to abroad and city areas should be discouraged with entrepreneurship development programs in the supports of NGos, INGos and donors. Youth should be oriented thoroughly about the implications of their migrations towards the village and they should orient how they can make meaningful the traditional culture, norms and values for the benefits of their village development. They should make busy with different career oriented trainings for the promotion of rural tourism. An equal opportunity for the youth to take part in decision making process regarding village development should be developed.
6. A long term environment friendly vision should be explored for the protection of environment degradation. Tourists should be encouraged to visit Ghale Gaon but they should also be aware to keep Ghale Gaon clean and groom. Enough maps and signals showing the right trails and directions need to be kept throughout the trekking trails. Recreational parks, horse riding spots can be developed considering the barren lands only. The committee should take initiative for sustainable conservation of environment and for that they can approach environment protection units and forums.
7. The villagers should be encouraged with a rural tourism package program for the sustainability of rural tourism in Ghale Gaon. Single woman, old-aged, single couple belonging households should not be bothered with house stay services. The imposition of outsiders can be minimized through villagers own initiation and leadership for the same should be taken by active members of the community. There is an urgent need to given counter to the outsiders selfish interest and for that the committee should take a step. A clear mechanism should be developed by the committee that makes the financial transaction of Gaon clear and transparent. Villagers should be given equal opportunity to take part at policy and decision making process and NGOs, INGOs should monitor whether the activities carried out are transparent and clear. Moreover, the donors should not waste their fund as per the recommendation of handful of people rather they should listen to the real demand of villagers.
8. The cultural and religious richness of Ghale Gaon should be promoted massively across the country and in international arena. Ghale Gaon tens of dances and cultural opulence should be promoted with the help of mainstream print and electronic media. Women’s empowerment programs relating to cultural and religious conservation should be encouraged. Traditional cultures and practices should be acclimatized into modern ones without affecting its essence. A programs as such should be developed by development initiators.
9. Youth and women empowerment programs should be launched for leadership development. Mother groups should be made more active through committee intervention. Political mishandling should be stopped through villagers own initiation. A leader should also be more vigilant for the benefits of villagers. Training, seminar, exposure visits etc are to be organized by NGOs, INGOs, CBOs for the villagers’ understanding on rural tourism development and its benefits.
10. Commercialization of agriculture and wool products should be immediately done with the support of government and other caretakers. Subsidize fertilizers, agro credit and bank loan facility should be given for villagers’ economic and alternative source of income. Agriculture and livestock rearing awareness program should be launched for villagers’ motivation on cash crops, vegetable farming and sheep and goat rearing programs.
11. The villagers should take initiatives for any type of entrepreneurship for the development of village and the govt. should make provisions and programs which will directly supports the initiatives taken by. Commercialization of agriculture products, handicraft business, small scale business, tour guide, trekking guide learning classes can be started for entrepreneur development.
12. A short-term, long-term and immediate visionary and strategic master plan for overall development of Ghale Gaon should be made with the participation of local people, donors, INGOs, NGOs, CBOs, local leaders and other stakeholders to address socio-economic, cultural, environmental and political issues. NGOs, INGOs, Donors and the government should work together for the development of Ghale Gaon rather focusing on their own programs only. Collective and solidarity approach is needed for the development of Ghae Gaon.

None of the initiatives will come into reality without regular works, complete attachment, towards the tasks, supportive external, internal and local environment, and visionary approach, obligation of the state, government and political parties as well as positive attitude with behavioral adaptation. Three things are needed for any kinds of development initiative; the issue identification, analysis of the issue and taking initiatives as per recommendations. Thus, in Ghale Gaon also if we can make people to identify their own problems then it would be easy for all of us to make thing happen possible. We have a lot of potentiality on rural tourism vicinity across Nepal but only vicinities do not convey changes for rural tourism development. It needs to be assisted, harmonized and emphasized by the community people and the state itself. Rural tourism as well as overall development concept relies upon the initiatives, organization with attitude towards the determination on rural area development inclusively from the state along with the local people.

A Case Study on Ghale Gaon was last modified: September 11th, 2013 by Kiran

Blog Comments

  1. Pramod

    I found same article in PATAN – PRAGYA Research Journal published by TU Teacher Association Patan Multiple Campus Unit on the authorship of Mr. Chhabi ram Baral, I want to make sure whether the article is yours or him…………….

  2. Yestai Ho

    you could make this article interesting by embedding some photos from the ground. don’t you have some? too long article and “introduction” section is not required. Article could start from the “background of the study” section. next time could toy please make it colorful by adding some snaps? you are a writer man! you can write…

  3. Rudra Pandey

    Nice esaay Kiran. Thoroughly enjoyed. Good job. I will go to see the village soon and will read your article one more time before my trip.

    Thank you for your regular thoughtful posts.

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