Tri-Chandra College – Education History of Nepal

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Jung Bahadur, the first Rana Prime Minister of Nepal opened the first school, named as Durbar School in Kathmandu -1854, to provide basic education to the Ranas and the family members of the ruling elite. After Jung Bahadur, Bir Shumsher in 1883 declared it open to the general public. At that time the School Leaving certificate/Matriculation used to be governed by the University of Calcutta, India but after 1934 the Nepal School Leaving Certificate Examination Board began conducted the SLC examination in Nepal itself.

Chandra Shumsher, the Rana Prime Minister, established Tribhuvan Chandra Intermediate College now named as Tri-Chandra College in 1918. The history says among the Rana Prime Ministers, Chandra Shumsher was the one of Prime Minister who opposed any form of higher education in Nepal the most.


Tri-Chandra College behind the Ghanta Ghar

Tri-Chandra College was modeled on a typical Indian college and affiliated to Patna University, India. In the early days of its inception classes were only for subjects in Liberal Arts. The faculties of science and commerce were later added in 1919 and 1954 respectively. The lecturers and professors were hired from especially from India and other countries. Graduation Examination was governed by the Patna University itself, Tri-Chandra College being its first examination center Nepal. At that time the Graduates passing out from the college were in high demand and were largely inducted into government services and/or in the teaching profession.

The establishment of Tri-Chandra College built the base for higher education in the country. Following the foundation laid by Tri-Chandra, colleges were established within and outside the Kathmandu Valley. With these developments, people had access to higher education in Nepal and marked the beginning of the expansion of higher education in Nepal.

Photographs: Binaya Neupane
Caption: Surendra Adhikari
Editor: Hitesh Karki
Source: Various Articles in Internet


The Ghanta Ghar – First Public Tower Clock in Nepal. The original clock tower was designed after the Big Ben of London, as Western influence crept into Nepalese architecture during the Rana era


The Ghantaghar that stands today was rebuild after the 1990 BS earthquake, standing on site of the original


Entrance for the Classes


Front view of Tri-Chandra College


Another Part of the front view


English Department Building


Mathematics Department Building – Looking for Renovation


SUNDIAL AT KHATMANDU ERECTED BY H. M. MAHARAJAH MAJOR GENERAL SIR CHANDRA SHUM SHERE JUNG BAHADUR RANA G.C.B, G.C.S.I, G.C.V.O, D.C.L, THONG LIN PIM-MA KO- KANG WANG SIAN PRIME MINISTER & MARSHAL NEPAL A.D. 1911 “DUL CE ET. DE CORUM EST PRO PATRIA MORI”


The Historical Sundial without the dial


Saraswati Sadan – 2002


Administrative Building in Saraswati Sadan – South West Face


New College Block


Library Building


Surendra taking permission from the Chemistry Sir, – Saroja Madam at back.


The Houseful Chemistry Class


Chemistry Students learning with great patience


The Chemistry Lab


The Chemicals


The Physics Class just over


The Physics Lab


The Students in the physics practical class


There used to be a Movable Gas chamber in front of Physics Block


Surendra recalling his student life at Math’s Class remembering Keshav Dev Bhattarai Sir, and Gauri Sir.


Sr. Professor of Tri-Chandra College (Dr. Kshitiz Chandra Chakrabarti) with the teaching period 1983 B.S. to 2007 B.S.


The Library – Ground Floor


The Library – First Floor

 

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  1. lava kafle

    I also love Tri-Chandra College as I studied my Masters in Arts Sociology during year 2000-2001 but never appeared on exams,so, my family thought that I was Just keen on spending software works earned money in studying Capitalism Evolution Anthropology…
    The College should be now be revamped, the classes made better, and proper lighting System for Evening classes is essential which I have to admit made chalk words difficult to read in the blackboard. I also know that Government run college with so many students cannot afford to change.

  2. Vish

    I did not get a chance to study at TC. Nevertheless, as I looked at the photos of TC reminds me of my friend Rajesh from Nainital. He was running a boutique shop just opposite of TC at Bishwa Jyoti Cinema Hall premises. Where he used to invite us for tea, with that, we used to play guitar and looking at students of TC and now, it has rejuvenated my memories of then.

    Thanks to the entity that paid efforts to bring this out.

  3. lava kafle

    Vish, I feared that there might be old spirits in those monumental museum buildings, and always feared roaming around alone even in afternoon. I have sickness with Pond RaniPokhari as I fear water,boating,kayaking, rafting,surfing..and never looked beyond the TC Boundary into the beauty of the pond. Admin, ask some good business to rejuvenate the sundial and put one Stone Inscription there, a service to public.

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