Tihar 2008 [Dipawali]

Posted by: Administrator

Photographers: Ashish Parajuli, Balkrishna Lachhimasyu, Bidha Rimal, Dhilung Kirat, Keshav Basnet, Nammy Kirat, Manish Shakya, Rina Maharjan, Sangharsha Bhattarai and Shamesh Joshi
Date: 2008/10/26 – 2008/10/30
Caption: VishnuK/DhilungK
Report: Saurav Dhungana
Creative Support:
DijupT/PallaviS/RinaM/DhilungK/

Coming right after the great Festival of Dashain, Tihar (तिहार /tihAr/ ) (Deepawali or Diwali) is a festival celebrated with much enthusiasm throughout the country. Most famously known as the festival of lights it is perhaps one of the most colorful festivals of all. It is celebrated from Trayodashi of Kartik Krishna to Katrik Shukla Dwitiya every year (Oct 26th to Oct 30th this year). The five day festival known as Yama Panchak (यम पञ्चक /yama panchak/) is considered to be of great importance as it shows reverence to not just the humans and the Gods, but also to the animals like the crow, cow and dog, who maintain a close relationship with the humans.  

First Day
Tihar and Crows – Here comes Tihar to teach you a lesson! Early in the morning of the first day of Tihar, family prepares a good meal. Each member of the family takes the first portion of the meal outside on a platter. The crows come down in large numbers and partake of the feast, they will call others before beginning to eat : Share, Share what you have with all! Crows ( काग /kag/ in Nepali) are considered as the messenger of the Lord of Death, Yama. There is a popular Nepali superstition of crows too: When the crows caw, sadness is coming.) On this day crows are worshiped and are kept happy. Where there are no crows, any winged animal of the heavens (bird) will enjoy the feast. So Tihar is also about appreciating animals around us.  

Second Day
Tihar and Dogs – On the second day of Tihar, Dogs (कुक्कुर /kukur/ in Nepali) are adorned with flower garland around their necks, red tika on their forehead, and are offered great meals, they are the king of the day! On this day, people pray to the Kukur to guard their homes. There are lots of Kukur running around in search of a loving home. You can find them on streets and in your backyards, but on this day, even the most unsightly Kukkur will be treated like a king – every dog has its day!.Tihar is also about breaking the boundaries that humans have created, “The Good”, “The Bad”, “The Ugly”… In Hinduism it is believed that Kukur guard’s the underworld empire just like it guards our everyday homes!. Tihar is about loving Kukurs too!

Third Day
Tihar and Cows – The 3rd day of Tihar is about worshiping the mother of the universe – cow (गाई /gAi/ in Nepali). According to Hinduism, the human infant is fed breast milk by its human mother for under three years. After weaning, the cow acts as the surrogate mother providing milk for the rest of the human life – through childhood, adult age and old age. Cows are the mothers of the universe, the sacred animal. The gaai puja is performed by giving a tika to a cow on her forehead, and a flower garland (Flower Leis) on the neck, and offering good meals. Those performing gaai puja place her manure in different parts of the home, drink a drop or two of the cow’s urine, as a part of a purification process. Also dip a blade of grass into the urine and lightly sprinkle it on each other’s body to become closer to the mother of the universe – the cow.

Tihar and Laxmi Puja – One of the most important days of the festival is Laxmi Puja (लक्ष्मी पूजा /laxmi pujA/ ). On this day the Goddess of wealth (Laxmi) is worshiped in every household in the entire country by means of Puja, decoration, candle lights, and oil lamps. In this 3rd day of the Tihar Festival, the entire nation becomes an illumination of lights. Pictures and icons of Laxmi Devi ( Goddess) are placed and worshiped in a Puja room (or a place in a living room or a dedicated room for worshiping Gods) Puja is performed using flowers, incense, oil lamps, color-powders, bell and money (both notes and coins). Laxmi puja is performed at dusk using red mud, and puja is often done by a female in the family. She uses her hand covered with red mud to make a symbolic foot-print on the floor entering the home and makes a trail leading to the Puja room. Since Laxmi likes cleanliness, on this day every house/street is made spotlessly clean.The eve of Laxmi Puja Day is made spectacular not only by lights but also by echos of a special song known as Bhailo (भाइलो /bhailo/) that’s played only on this day in the entire year! A group of girls known as Bhailini (भइलेनी /bhaileni/) get together and sing Bhailo door to door, giving blessings to the family in return for money or homemade treats.  

Fourth Day
Tihar and New Year- On the fourth day of Tihar, there are three different known pujas. Most perform Goru Puja, or Worship of Oxen. People who follow Krishna perform Gobardhan Puja (गोभर्धन पूजा /govardAn pujA/) , worshiping Cowdung symbolizing the Gobardhan Parbat (गोभर्धन पर्वत /govarDan parbat/). The Newar community on the night of this day perform Mah Puja (म्हः पूजा /mHa pujA/) , or Worship of Self. Because this period is also the beginning of Nepal Sambat (नेपाल संवत /NepAl Sambat/), or the new year of Nepalese especially commemorated by Newars, it ensures prosperity for the new year.

Tihar and Songs : Dheusi Songs – Male members sing what is called Dheusi or Dheusiray ( द्यौसीरे /dHeuSire/). You can write just about any Dheusi song as long as each line ends with the word `Dheusi !’ or `Dheosiray !’. A group of males get together, carry what-ever musical instruments they have or can play, and sing Dheusi door to door blessing the home and family in return for money and/or refreshments.  

Fifth Day
Tihar and Tika – On the final day also known as Bhai Tika (भाइ टिका /bhAi tikA/ ) Day, sisters give tika ( टिका /tika/ – a colored powder placed on once’s forehead) consisting seven colours, and maala ( माला /mALA/ – a necklace of flowers or also known as flower leis, similar to that’s used elsewhere like in Hawaii!) to brothers along with wishes for long life and prosperity. To sisters, Tihar is also the time to re-call their continued love for their brothers. After tika sisters give their brothers a variety of foods, sweets, fruits and clothes to please them and brothers in return give dakshinas (दक्षिणा – /dakshinA/ money given as blessing).

This great festival then concludes after these five days of merrymaking and celebration. What is remarkable is each day carries it’s own significance and truly encompasses every aspect of our culture and religion.  

 EverestUncensored would like to thank all the photographers for their valuable contribution to this featured series.[piclens-lite-link] Please click on the image to see its large version.

Season of Celebration
01 Season of Celebration
In respect to the oil lamp
02 In respect to the oil lamp
Dog of the Day
03 Dog of the Day
Wishing a Happy New Year  1129 Nepal Sambat
04 Wishing a Happy New Year 1129 Nepal Sambat
Fishing goddess of wealth
05 Fishing goddess of wealth
Glowing Bashantapur
06 Glowing Bashantapur
Street art celebration
07 Street art celebration
Light me up
08 Light me up
_3
09 Mandala
Thanka shops at Basantapur
10 Thanka shops at Basantapur
Swayambhu turned golden on the eve of Laxmi Puja
11 Swayambhu turned golden on the eve of Laxmi Puja
Light rally in the valley
12 Light rally in the valley
The Big BANG...
13 The Big BANG…
and here borns the Pyrotechnical Milky way
14 and here borns the Pyrotechnical Milky way
The firing Canons...
15 The firing Canons…
...and the victim
16 …and the victim
Baneshwor
17 Baneshwor
Brightening Bajra
18 Brightening Bajra
Cracking Kalopul
19 Cracking Kalopul
Once in a year here you go dear
20 Once in a year here you go dear
Dhime and Dhunya
21 Dhime and Dhunya
Standing Tall
22 Standing Tall
Lalupate
23 Lalupate
Waiting to be plucked
23 Waiting to be plucked
Newa People on the rally
24 Newa People on the rally
The Symphony of Tihar
25 The Symphony of Tihar
Made for kids
26 Made for kids
Guess what is he buying
27 Guess what is he buying
Nutty buddies
28 Nutty buddies
Please choose your favorite color
28 Please choose your favorite color
Busy Bashantapur
29 Busy Bashantapur
Twin Pagoda in romantic mode
30 Twin Pagoda in romantic mode
Nepal Sambat flying high
31 Nepal Sambat flying high
Festive Harvest
32 Festive Harvest
Dhime
35 Dhime
Mah Puja - Ready to celebrate life
36 Mah Puja – Ready to celebrate life
Shankhadhar Sakkhwa here we come
37 Shankhadhar Sakkhwa here we come
1129 NS
38 1129 NS
Tihar in perspective
39 Tihar in perspective
Zoom in
40 Zoom in
Flutist Fairies
41 Flutist Fairies
Happy New Year 1129
42 Happy New Year 1129
Tihar Celebration
43 Tihar Celebration
Let there be light
44 Let there be light
Smoke in the light
45 Smoke in the light
Little Bipasha
46 Little Bipasha
Shawan ko bhel bani timi aauna...
47 Shawan ko bhel bani timi aauna…
Fireworks do not listen to the Home Minister
48 Fireworks do not listen to the Home Minister
The handmade flames
49 The handmade flames
The handmade flames 2
50 The handmade flames 2
The rally continues
51 The rally continues
The shooters through a wide angle
52 The shooters through a wide angle

[piclens-lite-link]

Facebook Comments

Blog Comments

  1. Zoom in

    pic 40 zoom in: I’m really excited how do people take this kind of shots,
    like in “MATRIX”
    Whoever is the photographer of that pic could u please let us know how to capture it. :lol:

  2. Ritesh

    Hi,
    Its really great to feel our tradition and cultural. So guys plz keep on be a part of it in order to save to strengthen the gift of culture from our ansester’s.
    May god bless u all on this occasion..
    Be Happy
    :razz:

  3. Abishesh

    32 Festive Harvest – lovely colore tone
    40 – very good experiment. been longing to experiment with such shots (i seriously need a sturdy tripod… :grin: )
    47 – Nice portrait

    nice pictures overall…thanks to all the photographers… all canons blazing…

  4. RinaM

    Thank you all for admiring our pictures. I would also like to thank the TEAM who has put huge effort to make this beautiful post happens. Thank you. Let me share how I took the Picture no: 40.

    ‘Zoom effect’ is a great technique to show motion or to create wow effect in photographs. There are different ways to achieve this zoom effect in picture.

    For this technique to work best, you obviously need a zoom lens and good tripod. In my case I have used 28-200mm lens and mounted my camera on a tripod. Then composed my picture and focus a house which was decorated with colorful electric lights at exact center of the frame. Then I set the shutter speed at bulb setting so that I can expose my picture as long as I prefer to. I moved the zoom lens from a longer focal length to a shorter focal length while I kept the shutter open. One more tricky thing I did while zooming the lens, is I have also rotated focusing ring to get bubble effect in lines of those colorful electric lights. I have exposed this picture about 20 seconds.

    I am learning more this technique and obviously I didn’t get this effect at one click. I have tried several shots to find out the best zoom speed and the range of focal length.

  5. Shutterbug

    A wonderful collection of pictures that has captured festive moods and moments perfectly well. These beautiful pictures are proofs to tell how well photography is flourishing here in EU. My both thumbs up! To all emerging Shutterbugs. Honestly speaking, each new feature post of EU comes with lots of quality pictures and make my job tough to rate. Well I am happy and very excited.

    Okay here’s Shutterbug’s Pictures Rating.

    Perfect Shot: ‘ 41 Flutist Fairies’ & ’37 Shankhadhar Sakkhwa here we come’
    Well Capture Shot: ’44 Let there be light’ & ’48 Fireworks do not listen to the Home Minister’
    Creative Shot: ’32 Festive Harvest’ & ’40 Zoom in’
    Well composed shot: ’41 Flutist Fairies’ & ’01 Season of Celebration’
    Prize Winning Shot: ‘ 41 Flutist Fairies’

    Happy clicking !

  6. Reply @ Pic 15

    You are right, we can see it too ‘NO PHOTOS PLEASE’ but this caution in only for taking pictues of the God ‘Harati Agima’ inside the temple not outside. Tesaile don’t be afraid to take our your camera whenever you visit the temple ni.

  7. Lava Kafle

    Hehe Terry, We understand what you meant to say. I have heard that if a new site is hosted somewhere under the clouds, and those new clouds are always slow for monsoon. Never worry, the latest technology is always sluggish, imagine our first Apple of 1980s or those giant machines like Turing Machine during WWII , world war 2 during 1940-1945. Again Thanks a lot for posting your views.
    We want you again with your dialup line.
    Frankly, I have 5 MBPS link, but still I felt sluggish. Let technologies mature so that we can have faster loading.
    In Facebook, When I do Add a friend and it shows Suggestions of other friends, I always have my browser hang even in 5 MBPS bandwidth. I have seen google waiting to send mail for hours and hotmail saying “Are you Slow?” lets see old version….
    It is life Thanks Friend The new blogger.
    add me in hi5 ok.

    This post has most beautiful pictures, so, it is heavy and takes time to load.

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